Volcanoes are no doubt some of the most interesting yet unique features that nature has ever given us. Ideally, they are beautiful and dangerous at the same time, hence have the potential to be a blessing or a curse. There are so many beautiful volcanoes across the world where millions of people visit each year. If you have ever considered taking a trip or vacation to a volcanic mountain, below are the top 10 most famous volcanoes in the world to take note of:
10. Cotopaxi in Ecuador
Cotopaxi is known to be one of the most active volcanoes in the world. While here, you can visit the Cotopaxi National Park, a major tourist attraction in the country with breathtaking scenery. Most people go there for activities like hiking, fishing and camping. So far it has had more than 85 recorded eruptions and it remains active at all times. The volcano was first noticed in 1744 during an eruption. This was followed by subsequent eruptions in 1768 as well as 1877.
9. Mount Etna in Italy
This is known to be one of the tallest volcanic mountains in Europe with an elevation of about 3229 meters. This spectacular volcano is located on the East Coast of Sicily. It is an active volcano that can literally erupt any time. The fertile volcanic soil around the mountain supports extensive agriculture.
8. Popocatépetl in Central Mexico
Located in central Mexico, Popocatépetl has an elevation of 5426 meters and it is believed to be about 720, 000 years old. This strikingly stunning mountain is the second highest in Mexico. It is a very violent volcano that boasts of 17 major eruptions that have so far been recorded.
7. Krakatoa (Krakatau) in Indonesia
In 1883, this volcano erupted with an enormous power that was 13000 times that of the atomic bomb. The eruption could be heard by people leaving thousands of miles from the location of the mountain. The destruction was enormous and thousands of lives were lost. At the moment, the mountain still spits lava in the sky occasionally.
6. Mount Mayon in Philippines
Located on the Luzon Island in Philippines, this volcanic mountain is renowned for its almost symmetrical conical shape. While here you can visit the Mayon Volcano Natural Park. Mayon is Philippines’ most active volcano and it has so far erupted more than 49 times within a span of 400 years.
5. Mount Pinatubo in Philippines
Also located on the Luzan in the Philippines, Pinatubo is another well-known volcano in the world. After staying dormant for about 500 years, this volcano erupted in June 1991, resulting in enormous destruction, one of the most devastating in the 20th century. This caused significant damage to the infrastructure and the economy of the surrounding cities. Although it is still active, today the volcano is safe to visit and a lot of people trek up the mountain to behold the beautiful Pinatubo Crater Lake with crystal clear water.
4. Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland
This is one of Iceland’s largest volcanoes and the most recent eruption occurred in 2010. This caused airports to shut down due to the overwhelming ash which was spewed out. The mountain is 1600 meters high while its crater measures 2.5 miles in diameter. The volcano is covered in an ice cape, which feeds many glaciers outlets.
3. Mount Fuji in Japan
This is Japan’s highest mountain with a height of about 11,000 feet above sea level. It is a beautiful snow-capped and symmetrical cone. The stratovolcano is famous among mountain climbers and is clearly visible even from the busy parts of Tokyo city. This volcano last erupted in 1708 but still remains active even to date.
2. Mt St. Helens Volcano in Washington
This active stratovolcano is located in Skamania County, in Washington. It is well known for its 1980 catastrophic eruption, which killed quite a number of people, destroyed about 250 homes and other infrastructure. The eruption resulted in a 1.6 kilometers wide horse-shoe-shaped crater. The volcano still remains active even today.
1. Kilauea Volcano in Hawaii
This is the most active volcano in the world. It is an active shield volcano located in the Hawaiian Islands. It has a long and active eruptive history. In fact, its name literally means “spewing,” in reference to the frequent outpouring of lava. Most of its parts actually lies beneath water, and it is surrounded by four other volcanoes, which together form an island when joined together.
With so many volcanoes on the planet, it can be difficult to know which ones are active and whether any precautions need to be taken while visiting them. The above review has the top ten famous volcanoes in the world you can consider.